Review of the year - France 2004 (4/1/2005)

Anti-GM activity in France during 2004

2004 was a busy year in France for those involved in campaigning against GM crops. There has been much action at both local and national level, as well as overtly and covertly in the fields, to keep GM crops and GM food out of the food chain. This report provides a brief summary of some of the main events of the year.

Field tests

Despite widespread opposition, there have been 61 field tests of GM crops in 13 départements throughout France during 2004.


Just as in UK, the French Ministry of Agriculture emphasises that the crops are “safe”, despite the absence of any evidence to prove their safety.

On 28 April 2004 the Confédération Paysanne (“Peasants’ Confederation”) demanded that open field tests be stopped and called for a national day of oppoistion to GM to take place on 8 May.


In response, Hervé Gaymard, the Minister of Agriculture, announced on 1 June that the open field trials would continue.

The Year of the “Volunteer Reaper”

The following day (2 June) activists responded in a symbolic action, destroying a crop of GM rapeseed growing near Toulouse. At the same time, the collective responsible for the action contacted the councils of the 13 areas which would be affected by GM trials, to ask that they pass local bylaws banning such trials.


July and August saw a number of further actions, including 160 “volunteer reapers” destroying a field of GM maize near Pithiviers (department of Loiret). Demonstrators included Yves Contassot (assistant to the mayor of Paris, with responsibility for the environment) and Francine Bavay (Vice President of the regional council for the d'Ile-de-France region).


Fake persuaders

The “fake persuaders” made a brief appearance in France during August when Pierre Pagesse, a farmer and managing director of the biotechnology firm Biogemma, claimed to have established a group of grass-roots supporters for GM technology.


Further investigation has shown that no such group exists...

The Raffarin Government shows its true face

The demonstration on the 25 September in the Vienne marked a turning point for anti-GM campaigners in France, who had previously been used to a “softly softly” approach from law enforcement officers. Police used tear gas and stun grenades against the group of 500 demonstrators, leading to a number of people being injured. It seems that the police had been briefed to come down hard on demonstrators.

Speaking after the demonstration, José Bové of the Confédération Paysanne stated that Prime Minister Raffarin’s government had shown its true face in wanting to impose GM crops and the rule of the multinationals. Bové suggested that anti-GM actions could no longer take place in public during the day and should therefore happen under cover of darkness.


The effectiveness of this advice was proven on 3 October when thirty volunteer reapers decontaminated an experimental field of GM maize in Varois-et Chaignot near Dijon, an action which avoided the attention of police by being carried out at night.


A number of people arrested during 2004 actions are still awaiting trial. The latest information on the forthcoming trials can be found on the website of the Confédération Paysanne:


The Government and Public “Consultation”

In contrast to previous years, the French Government has been more overt in its support of GM and the biotech industry. A statement issued by the Minister of Agriculture, following the destruction of crop trials in August and September, said:

“Research on biotechnologies offers great potential for health, human food and the environment”

This despite the overwhelming rejection of GM food and GM crops by the French public and the absence of independent safety testing by any French scientific or governmental organisation. The body responsible for providing opinions on GM is the Commission du Génie Biomoléculaire (CGB):


The CGB, much like its British equivalent, the ACNFP, is packed full of individuals who make their living from the biotech industry and from research into genetic modification. Its decisions on GM issues during 2004 can be found here:

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