|Captain Hook Awards for Biopiracy 2006 / Awards for Resisting Biopiracy (26/3/2006)|
1.Captain Hook Awards for Biopiracy 2006
Among those richly deserving awards for resisting biopiracy (see item 2) is one of GM Watch's most admired organisations:
"Deccan Development Society (India)
For two decades of organizing successful seed sovereignty systems among Dalit women's communities in Medak District of Andhra Pradesh. Also for their groundbreaking grassroots research into the effects of Bt cotton that persuaded the government of Andhra Pradesh to kick Monsanto out of the state." [for more on DDS http://www.ddsindia.com ]
But first the villains of the piece!
1.Captain Hook Awards for Biopiracy 2006 http://www.captainhookawards.org/winners/2006_pirates
Biopiracy refers to the monopolization (usually through intellectual property) of genetic resources and traditional knowledge or culture taken from peoples or farming communities that developed and nurtured those resources.
Worst Threat to Food Sovereignty:
For its Terminator-like patent designed to prevent potatoes from sprouting, despite the companys pledge not to commercialize technologies involving sterile seed. US patent 6,700,039 describes a genetic modification method that prevents sprouting unless an external chemical inducer is applied.
And for Syngentas multi-genome patent applications on thousands of gene sequences vital for rice breeding and extending to dozens of other plant species.
J Craig Venter
For undertaking, with flagrant disregard for national sovereignty over biodiversity, a US-funded global biopiracy expedition on his yacht, Sorcerer II, to collect and sequence microbial diversity from the worlds oceans and soils. The genetic material will play a role in his most ambitious project to date: building an entirely new artificial organism.
Biggest Threat to Genetic Privacy:
For teaming up with J. Craig Venter to create a searchable online database of all the genes on the planet so that individuals and pharmaceutical companies alike can google our genes one day bringing the tools of biopiracy online.
Extreme Makeover Award:
Delta & Pine Land
For vowing, since 1998, to commercialize Terminator technology. Initially, D&PL promoted genetic seed sterilization for use in the South to prevent farmers from re-using seed. After massive protest, the company changed its tune and said Terminator was primarily intended for Northern farmers. Now the company is greenwashing Terminator by promoting it as a biosafety tool to contain gene flow for farmers everywhere!
Most Shameful Act of Biopiracy:
For imposing plant intellectual property laws on war-torn Iraq in June 2004. When US occupying forces "transferred sovereignty" to Iraq, they imposed Order no. 84, which makes it illegal for Iraqi farmers to re-use seeds harvested from new varieties registered under the law. Iraqs new patent law opens the door to the multinational seed trade, and threatens food sovereignty.
Worst Déjà Vu:
Human Genographic Project
For resurrecting the old (much discredited) Human Genome Diversity project with new corporate money. IBM and the National Geographic Society are spending $40 million dollars and establishing ten research centers around the globe to collect and analyse more than 100,000 DNA samples from indigenous people, claiming this will help them understand their ancestry.
Access of Evil Award:
Canada, Australia, New Zealand
For repeated attempts to undermine the de facto moratorium on Terminator technology at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). And for their betrayal of Indigenous Peoples at the CBDs Working Group on 8(j) in Spain.
Biggest Tiny Claim On Nature:
For securing a US patent on metal-oxide nanorods covering more than a third of the chemical elements of the periodic table.
Genencor et al.
For patenting, cloning and selling "extremophile" microorganisms that were collected from lakes in Kenya without the permission of Kenyan authorities or the collaborating Kenyan researcher. The microorganisms produce industrially-important enzymes (used to fade blue jeans) that reap millions for industry but nothing for Kenya.
Most Hypocritical - Joint Winners:
University of California-Davis
For patenting a blight-resistant gene extracted from a rice variety developed by the Bela peoples of Mali, and for failing to deliver on the Genetic Resources Recognition Fund to benefit Malis farmers. The Philippines-based public plant breeding institute the International Rice Research Institute handed over the blight resistant rice sample to UC-Davis researchers in 1990. But when IRRI requested access to the blight resistant gene derived from the sample, UC-Davis demanded a $10,000 fee.
The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) For writing Bonn-inspired bioprospecting guidelines for use by BIO member companies and then inviting the companies to ignore them.
The Coalition Against Biopiracy is an informal group of civil society and peoples' organisations that first came together at the 1995 Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity in Jakarta. Groups involved in the coalition include the Indigenous Peoples Biodiversity Network, SEARICE and ETC Group
2.Cog Awards 2006
Best Peoples Defense - Joint winners
In Defense of Maize Network and the Wixárika (Huichol) People, México
For widening the scope of their fight from a protest against GM contamination of native maize to an integrated territorial struggle that holistically encompasses self-government, water, forests, fauna, paths, sacred land, language and teaching. Last year, the Wixárika People got back 10,200 hectares of land for their communities.
Deccan Development Society (India)
For two decades of organizing successful seed sovereignty systems among Dalit womens communities in Medak District of Andhra Pradesh. Also for their groundbreaking grassroots research into the effects of Bt cotton that persuaded the government of Andhra Pradesh to kick Monsanto out of the state.
Best Defense of Food Sovereignty
La Via Campesina
For their global Seeds Campaign begun in 2003, asserting the rights of small farmers to select, sort, exchange and re-sow their seeds and resisting control by the multinational seed and biotech industry.
The African Group at CBD
For defending biodiversity and Farmers Rights by leading strong opposition to Terminator technology at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity since 1998.
Lifetime Achievement Award
Community Biodiversity Development and Conservation Programme
For ten years of farmer-led research around the world, developing and sharing farming methods to enhance agricultural biodiversity, protect seeds, cultures and livelihoods and affirming food sovereignty.
Edmonds Institute and African Centre for Biosafety
For their research resulting in the Out of Africa report (2006), which documents 34 recent cases of biopiracy involving African plants, animals and microbes.
Most Satisfying Victory, Finally
Magda Aelvoet, former president of the Green Group in the European Parliament, Dr. Vandana Shiva, of the Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy and Linda Bullard, of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
For challenging a patent at the European Patent Office (EPO) on the preparation of a fungicide derived from the seeds of the neem tree. For centuries, farmers have used neem oil for its fungicidal properties. The patent was revoked in 2000, but it took almost five more years for the EPO to finally dismiss an appeal of the 2000 revocation.