|Cattle expert opposes clones as food sources (24/2/2007)|
1.Cattle expert opposes "clones" as food sources
1.Cattle expert opposes "clones" as food sources [via New Zealand scientist, Dr Robert Mann]
Cattle geneticist John Hodges, now rtd, worked much of his career helping rural Africa to breed better cattle. In a recent tour of NZ he gave thoughtful seminars expressing many reservations about GM.
Subject: Food from cloned animals
Between Christmas and New Year, the US Government Food & Drug Administration (FDA) announced preliminary approval of milk and meat from clones of cattle, goats and pigs.
They are inviting comments from all over the world until the end of March. At their website site there is a place for "Comments" where anyone anywhere in the world can give their position - presumably against.
I think there are several big issues to indicate they ought not to agree to put these products in the human food chain. You and your friends may wish to send these to oppose the introduction of animal products from lines of cloned animals.
1. Scientifically there is clearly an interaction between somatic nuclear DNA and the cytoplasm of the egg into which it is inserted to produce a somatic clone - like Dolly. This interaction is triggered artificially in the laboratory to reprogramme the nuclear DNA to make it start working again in the new embryo instead of in the mature adult where it has come from. Therefore there must be information passing between the cytoplasm and the DNA - which we do not understand. The effects of this disrupted flow of information need years of testing and research before products from animal clones are put into the human food chain. The possible effects upon the human genome could be very serious as found with BSE.
2. Comparing food from cloned animal lines and from normal sexually reproduced animals is a very shallow way of measurement and clearance on the basis of "no-substantial difference". The unknown differences lie not in the food constituents but in the unknown long-term effects of the DNA and the proteins which they express.
3. There is enormous latent consumer resistance to eating animal products from clones and from genetically modified animals. This will emerge as a very negative factor in the sale and consumption of animal products and will do the greatest disservice to the livestock industry internationally as well as nationally.
4. Where are the cost-benefit analyses showing benefits to the consumer - as opposed to the investors in clones for breeding?
5. There is evidence of animal pain and difficulty in the production of clones.
6. Finally, if they go ahead then products from cloned lines of animals should be labelled - after all we do live in a market economy in which flow of information is supposed to enable the consumer to decide.
I hope you can pass this information to the local folk by email or by hard copy in case any of them wish to send a comment to the US FDA via their website. I think this is extremely important for the cattle industry and consumers worldwide and needs to be nipped in the bud.
2.Why Cloned Food Should Be Inedible and Unacceptable
On Dec. 28th, 2006 the FDA determined that food from cloned animals was fine for humans to eat. Consumers have until April 2nd, 2007 to provide their feedback. Once again, the U.S. is trying to lead the world over another cliff...
The mission of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect the public's health through assuring the safety of our nation's food supply. The FDA's purpose is NOT to facilitate the dumping of dubious food products onto people's dinner plates for the sake of corporate profit. That is why it is so disturbing to hear about the FDA's Dec. 28, 2006 determination that cloned livestock byproducts are indeed safe for human consumption, and to read a subsequent wave of editorials clamoring for fullblown commercialization of cloned milk and meat.
Many people first learned about animal cloning back in 1997 when a sheep named Dolly was splashed across paper headlines and television screens. This sheep was created using a technique known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), involving the transfer of genetic material from one animal into the egg of another and the subsequent implantation into the womb of a host. Biotech companies and venture capitalists were quick to tout the potential benefits of livestock cloning for producing pharmaceuticals, human organ transplants, as well as milk and meat. Left unsaid was that the average Dolly never sees the light of day, since 90% of cloned fetuses die before birth along with up to 25% of the surrogate mothers. In order to keep these hosts alive, cloning also requires much higher than usual animal treatment with hormones and antibiotics.
There are many valid reasons to be opposed to the sale of such milk and meat that go beyond the ethical debate about cloning itself. First of all, the FDA's decision relies upon the discredited pseudo-science of substantial equivalence. Dairy farmers and milk drinkers may recall that the FDA first unveiled this shoddy notion back in 1993 when it railroaded through approval of recombinant Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH). Of course, now we know from a real scientific study (May 2006 Journal of Reproductive Health) that milk induced through genetic engineering is NOT the same as natural milk. But, because of the FDA's irresponsible rubberstamping, U.S. consumers are now suffering reproductive problems from having ingested rBGH dairy products for years with elevated levels of Insulin Like Growth Factor - 1 (IGF-1).
Statements by government officials and biotech apologists that cloned animals are simply genetic twins are also patently misleading. There have been numerous studies showing that once born cloned animals still suffer higher than normal morbidity and deformity rates. According to a leading cloning researcher, MIT Prof. Rudolph Jaensich, "You can not make normal clones. The ones that survive will just be less abnormal than the ones that die early." Basic science - let alone common sense - would suggest that this is symptomatic of other physiological problems and might not make a very healthy meal. Ian Wilmut, one of the scientists who created Dolly has publicly warned that even a slight imbalance in a cloned animal's hormone, protein, or fat levels could pose a danger to any would-be consumer. Nonetheless, one of the leading cloning outfits, ViaGen, has already entered into negotiations with Smithfield to put cloned pork into their products.
Worse yet, cloned animals are proposed for the production of industrial enzymes, pharmaceuticals, and other genetically engineered (GE) substances - aka biopharming. Longterm scientific studies have not been done to disprove concerns that biopharming residues will find their way into cloned meat/milk and then into people's mouths. It is bad enough having to worry about Mad Cow being served up with a hamburger, let alone GE spider webs.
Another criticism with the FDA's decision is that it undermines one of the fundamental principles of economic efficiency and marketplace competition, by failing to require labeling. Consumers can not make rational informed choices when they are denied the right to know about their food. By frustrating consumer sovereignty for the sake of corporate secrecy, the FDA is failing to serve the public interest. Given the sordid history behind rBGH, one would suspect that FDA approval of cloned food will give the green light to powerful corporations and their proxies to sue and/or fine smaller producers for daring to use the First Amendment and label their products as "clone-free." So much for the free market idea.
Once again , it seems the FDA is over eager to become an accomplice in the corporate forcefeeding of questionable byproducts to an unwitting populace. Whether it is genetic engineering, biopharming, nanotechnology, irradiation, or cloning, it is hard to escape the thought that U.S farmers and consumers are now guinea pigs caught up in some massive frankenfood experiment that the rest of the world is wise enough to watch from a safe distance.
Contact the FDA to Stop the Sale of Cloned Milk and Meat!
There is now a 90 day public comment period on the FDA's recent decision that cloned milk and meat are "substantially equivalent" to conventional livestock products and hence fit for human consumption. The deadline for public feedback is April 2nd, 2007. Please refer to Docket 2006P-0145 in any comments to the FDA.
FDA Div. Dockets Mgmt. (HFA-305) 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061 Rockville, MD 20857 By phone:
Toll free 1-888-463-6332
You can also contact your elected officials to demand mandatory consumer labeling and comprehensive safety testing of ALL food that is cloned or genetically engineered.
Congressional Switchboard: 1-202-224-3121
For more information:
Family Farm Defenders, 1019 Williamson St. #B, Madison, WI 53703 #608-260-0900 www.familyfarmdefenders.org Center for Food Safety, 600 Pennsylvania Ave #302 , Washington DC, 20003 # 202-547-9359 www.centerforfoodsafety.org Food and Water Watch, 1400 16th Street NW #225, Washington, DC 20036 # 202-797-6550 www.foodandwaterwatch.org